The hottest integrated parts and supplier manageme

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Integrated parts and supplier management (CSM)

parts and supplier management (CSM) is one of the three most important issues that enterprises pay attention to in the process of R & D and improvement. The other two issues are continuous process optimization and how to properly deal with the collaboration with customers and suppliers. These three questions are all aimed at the high-tech electronic industry, because this industry places special emphasis on speed, which is king. The speed of product launch has a direct impact on profits. The demand for speed increases the internal pressure of our industry, the life cycle of products will be shorter and shorter, and the cost of research and development will also increase. Shorter and shorter life cycle does not mean that products are simpler, but more complex. Although the current product research and development is still the research and development of machine structure, hardware and software, the proportion of software is increasing. For the automotive industry, 50% of engineers are software engineers. In our high-tech electronics industry, 70% of R & D engineers are software engineers. Most enterprises rely on the introduction of new software to drive new features of products, not just the improvement of structure and hardware. Based on these factors, we should consider the cost more

more than 70% of the product cost is locked in the early stage of design, and the design engineer plays a vital role in determining the final cost of the product. However, due to the lack of detailed supply chain data, it is difficult for designers to understand the main costs of key parts and components, so it is difficult to predict the cost of new design. Engineers often ignore the limitations of suppliers' production, which will make designers make unplanned and unrealistic designs in the late stage of design without considering the impact of suppliers. In the manufacturing process, frequent changes in supplier costs and a large number of design changes are very expensive, and will also affect the company's correct prediction of product costs

designers cannot obtain valuable supply chain information at the initial stage of design. For many companies, this problem is only the tip of the iceberg. The newly issued environmental regulations, such as RoHS and WEEE, will also have a significant impact on product development. These regulations restrict the use of hazardous materials in products and set standards for the recycling and disposal of electronics, equipment and vehicles. The company must publish the raw materials of products, so it needs to manage a large number of data that meet the regulations. Always pay attention to the laws and regulations that the products must comply with, and determine whether the products comply with the specifications. Environmental friendly product design (DFE) requires a certain understanding of components, raw material management and toxic substances at the beginning of design. Increasingly stringent environmental regulations are the general trend. Worldwide, enterprises are increasingly demanding to undertake social and environmental responsibilities, including ecological design, product sustainability, green procurement and the elimination of substandard products, which will greatly improve their response speed. PTC integrates the environmental protection design of products into the whole design process. 5 gold tool torque testing equipment is among the high-quality torque testing equipment of Jinan new era Gold Testing Instrument Co., Ltd., which makes the company stand out in the design of green products

not only do products become more complex, but also where and how to make them become more and more complex. The company carries out more and more outsourcing innovation and design to keep up with the pace of product demand. When choosing an original design manufacturer (ODM), the company must decide which design parts to outsource, how to protect intellectual property rights, and how to effectively manage the collaborative process. These are difficult decisions. If there are a large number of suppliers and the company must make a decision in a limited time, the difficulty and complexity of the decision are unimaginable. It is increasingly necessary for companies to reduce the number of suppliers and integrate suppliers strategically at the early stage of design. This method also includes carefully selecting low-cost and competitive strategic regional suppliers. Global competition leads to distorted product prices. Companies must make comprehensive and mature global outsourcing decisions to maintain their competitiveness

the above challenges are caused by the common problems faced by most product development companies, most of which are caused by the disconnection between design and procurement processes and inefficient operation. A major core reason is that the information of parts and suppliers is scattered in many disjointed systems. Engineering teams often lack understanding of the way of procurement system, so they lack enough information to find and make better use of existing parts, resulting in repeated and unnecessary expensive parts procurement. Similarly, product development teams often cannot obtain information about the supply chain and related rules. Another common problem is that the engineering design and procurement of the company can only be divorced, and there is no collaboration around new products. Therefore, if the supplier is involved in the early design stage. Due to the great pressure of market launch, engineers are often selected suppliers without knowing the procurement situation and knowledge. This leads to the selection of technology and manufacturing procedures from unsuitable suppliers, and may also lead to engineers' failure to introduce new technology from reliable strategic suppliers that can provide competitive advantage. Enterprises must change the disjoint between design and procurement and integrate them effectively

next, let's talk about information and process. We hope to combine all information and process into a unified platform. This platform is not necessarily an IT system. There must be a complete system to manage device information. This device information includes a series of information required for research and development, procurement and supply chain, and environmental protection laws, so that all employees can see this part of information. We should share the same information and use a set of processes on one platform to ensure that all information is fully transparent

ptc uses integrated development system (PDS) to manage CSM process. Designers can apply part data at multiple levels, from searching and selecting appropriate parts to sharing design with original design manufacturers (ODMs) in real time. Only by using CSM integration method can product companies freely cope with today's huge market pressure

erp system pays more attention to things, that is, some specific purposeful things. When an accurate task is input into ERP, it can make effective inventory planning and material planning. The main indicators of ERP are not allowed to read numerical values, manage whether the parts in the warehouse are effectively put into production, and monitor the inventory of products, but what cannot be solved is which parts should be selected in the research and development stage. The most important thing to consider in research and development is digital form rather than physical form. We should consider how to make rational use of a correct thing, regardless of the quantity. How to choose the right parts is what the PLM system needs to solve. ERP system considers when a large amount of inventory can be consumed to prevent inventory accumulation. In many enterprises, PLM and ERP coexist, and there is no substitute relationship between them, because the service objects are different. PLM serves R & D-oriented and R & D related departments, including manufacturing, procurement, services and technology management. ERP mainly manages cost, inventory, procurement and production planning. For example, when the design is completed, the 70% cost can be basically determined, that is, the 70% cost can be understood without putting into production, and the remaining 30% cost may come from material preparation, manufacturing process, or final delivery. The opportunity for ERP to improve costs lies in this 30%, that is, to improve inventory, manufacturing and supply chain. When the ERP of an enterprise is relatively mature, and prospective customers need to continue to reduce costs, improve quality and speed up the time to market to realize the development strategy of the enterprise, PLM can help customers effectively manage and control 70% of the cost of this part. Compared with ERP, PLM can better solve basic problems, such as cost, quality, time to market, etc.

If an enterprise applies PLM, parts and supplier management will lay a solid foundation for it, which is also the first step. The complexity of current products and markets requires a dynamic and integrated system to manage a large amount of data and complex business procedures, so as to launch new products to the market more cost effectively

ptc's product development system (PDS) centralizes the management of relevant parts data, maximizes the use of the best parts and suppliers, and allows multi-functional teams to collaborate in the development of new products. A PTC survey shows that successful product companies have two distinctive practices: first, they optimize the management of the collaborative process with external suppliers; Second, their designers currently use single-walled carbon nanotubes, which can obtain enterprise and supply chain data earlier. Integrating design and procurement procedures can achieve these two goals, which is the core of PTC product development system. As product development becomes more and more complex, PTC's product development system is the only component and supplier management system that provides a comprehensive integration scheme

related questions and answers:

question: what is the approximate scale of enterprises that can use this system

answer: basically, enterprises with annual sales of about 500million can use PTC system. Some smaller enterprises can use others, because PTC is not the only one in our industry, but our products are still in the leading position. 80% of large enterprises are using our PLM system

ask: the requirements of the original database and system of the enterprise may be very different or even fundamentally different, so the amount of data should be very large. Is it difficult for the enterprise to establish a database

answer: This is a success or failure for enterprises, which must be achieved by enterprises. Therefore, enterprise leaders will have this determination. Although the difficulty and workload are not small, enterprises are still very willing to invest in this part

ask: is it possible for PTC to help these small industries to do this standardization

answer: basically, we will provide several templates, such as PC industry template, electrical industry template, etc. But the actual situation is that this kind of professional template is very large. Because we are an industry, we need to cover all the things that need to be considered in this industry, so enterprises need to make certain tailoring, but many enterprises can't decide how to cut it, because they haven't been used, which is the dilemma. Therefore, we suggest that enterprises learn from their own research and development practices, and jointly consider how to apply them. We cannot completely apply our template

Q: with such a platform, engineers can give priority to the parts or standard parts in stock in the early stage of research and development. What are the conditions for engineers to choose? Do you give priority to cost, existing inventory or internationally certified standard parts

answer: different enterprises have different requirements. There will be a set of standards within the enterprise, but these standards will also change according to different products. For example: when PTC makes a product for Sony, Sony will give me many requirements, and we will correspond to Sony's standards. Therefore, engineers should make different choices according to different situations

Author: Liu Xiwei, senior technical manager of PTC company

personal introduction: the most valuable technical contribution award of parameter technology company in 2005. He has participated in the products of Huawei, Foxconn enterprise group, Midea Group, Gree Electric Appliance and many other domestic famous enterprises

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