Another important furniture town fell under the ho

2022-07-24
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Under the storm of environmental protection, another important furniture town fell, which was once a key project of local planning

under the storm of environmental protection, another important furniture town fell, which was once a key project of local planning

august 8, 2018

[with the increasing requirements of contemporary aircraft design and manufacturing on flight performance, payload, fuel consumption, service life, safety and reliability]

under the environmental storm, what is the fate of furniture towns in Sichuan, Shanghai, Hebei and other places that have developed in the past few decades

from the former key projects of development planning to today's everyone shouting, the continuous upgrading of environmental protection is profoundly affecting Touqiao area, which is known as the "hometown of Shanghai furniture". This former furniture town is no longer beautiful

as a key project of development planning, the annual output value once exceeded 38billion

Touqiao area is known as the "hometown of Shanghai furniture" and is under the jurisdiction of Fengcheng Town, Fengxian District, Shanghai. Since the 1960s, many villagers of Touqiao have laid down their hoes to become carpenters and set up furniture workshops. It has developed into an important sub market of Shanghai furniture industry in its heyday around 2014

at most, there are more than 3000 furniture manufacturers in Touqiao, with the measuring range of more than 3 experimental forces ranging from 1% to 100% (equivalent to 5 levels). The folk slogan "Shanghai furniture pushes Fengxian, Fengxian furniture pushes Touqiao" has become the best interpretation

Fengcheng is a remote town in the suburbs of Shanghai, but the traffic location in Touqiao area is relatively convenient. It is more than 10 kilometers away from Pudong Airport and directly connected to Shanghai S32 expressway, which provides a foundation for the furniture industry, which needs convenient transportation

it is understood that in 2014, Shanghai Touqiao furniture market with an area of 250000 square meters owned locally has realized the layout of the whole industrial chain of the furniture industry and become a multi-functional comprehensive furniture market integrating wholesale, retail and exhibition

in the "12th Five Year" development plan of Fengxian District Government of Shanghai, Touqiao furniture market is also listed as a key project in the development plan and a 2.5 industrial project of the local government

behind the furniture market and the wood building materials market, there are many small workshop type wood processing enterprises in Touqiao. Statistics show that there are more than 3000 furniture processing and distribution manufacturers in Touqiao area at the peak, with an annual output value of 38billion yuan

from the scale of the building materials market still in operation today, we can still see the hot market in that year. In 2011, the three investors transformed the waste plant of more than 300000 square meters into a building materials market, introduced 3000 building materials dealers, and collected more than 25000 building materials products related to the whole furniture manufacturing industry chain, making it the largest wood products trading market in East China and the largest professional furniture materials market in China at that time

however, as the environmental protection policy began to increase year by year in 2014, especially after the introduction of the new environmental protection law, Shanghai issued the emission standard of air pollution from furniture manufacturing industry in 2017, which made the prosperous Touqiao home furnishing industry begin to suffer a severe transformation test

in mid July 2018, the Shanghai municipal government issued the clean air action plan (), which will focus on key areas, key industries and key pollutants. The action plan specifically mentions that the suburbs will focus on special law enforcement against industrial waste gas generated by painting and printing according to regional industries

over the years, with the increase of environmental protection policies, Touqiao furniture industry, which was once prosperous, began to move towards the difficult path of transformation and upgrading

the furniture town with "barbaric growth" has become a major pollution discharge area to crack down on.

locals recall that at that time, there were rows of large and small furniture stores and fast food restaurants on both sides of the road at the gate. Businessmen from many places could see the product characteristics of each merchant directly along the road every day. When they were hungry, they could stop to eat and rest

3 years ago, there was a small wood processing workshop "hidden" in the local villagers' homes. The house structure in the local countryside has been transformed into a small workshop for "reception in the front hall and processing in the back yard". Usually, one master, several machines and several displayed finished products can form the basic structure of a small wood workshop

in the small workshop, due to the high production flexibility, regular customers can not only select the special-shaped spring tensile strength, which refers to the load change per unit deformation, but also select and process the established style. The small workshop can also support the customization of furniture to a certain extent. Because the middleman link is omitted, the price is often lower than the market selling price

a furniture practitioner told him that in his early years, his "Oriental furniture exhibition hall" was mainly engaged in the finished furniture produced locally. Because it was close to the processing and production base, the price was often much cheaper than the finished products in the nearby furniture city. Many vendors also purchased goods from him. At that time, his store had both wholesale and retail, and lived "very well" with his wife

however, while the timber and building materials market is booming, the bottlenecks and drawbacks of the development of the local furniture industry have long been buried

due to the long-term lack of effective industrial guidance, the "siphon" effect has also bred hundreds of relatively low-end and unlicensed small wood processing workshop enterprises in the local area. The working temperature should be kept between 20-35 ℃ and spread all over the local villages

at the same time, more than 60000 migrant people have gathered in Touqiao area of 39 square kilometers, and the contradiction between industrial development and social governance has begun to emerge

according to the relevant person in charge of Fengcheng Town, before the rectification action began in 2015, there were 11 villages and 2 neighborhood committees in Touqiao area, gathering 2088 furniture production, raw and auxiliary material processing and distribution enterprises (excluding small workshops), but only less than 50% of them were registered with the industry and commerce

on January 1st, 2015, the environmental protection law, known as the "strictest in history", was revised and promulgated. Before and after 2017, various laws were implemented successively

the environmental protection policy from the central government to the local government has made the long-standing environmental pollution problem of small furniture workshop enterprises in Touqiao area "nowhere to hide"

local small enterprises have obviously felt the change of this policy environment in the past few years. In the past, the dust generated in the process of wood storage, sawn timber processing, machine carving, scraping (sanding) and other processes, volatile substances generated in the process of painting, etc., were the main reasons why the fire department focused on preventing fires in furniture enterprises in the past, so that someone also made a joke about the Shunkou slip: "60% of the fires in Fengxian are in Fengcheng Town, and 80% of the fires in Fengcheng are in Touqiao"

"nowadays, there are more environmental protection departments than fire departments for on-site inspection." In the past few years, the furniture manufacturing enterprises in Touqiao began to become the major pollution discharge areas

undocumented processing workshops were forcibly pushed down, and the road of industrial transformation was painful and difficult.

from October 2014 to September 2017, Touqiao District successively launched two large-scale rectification actions against small furniture workshops without licenses and violations

for the first time, from October, 2014 to January, 2016, Fengxian District set up a leading group for the remediation of non-standard wood processing business sites in Touqiao district to focus on the remediation of small furniture workshop enterprises with four major problems, including unlicensed and unlicensed operation, illegal construction, serious environmental pollution and major safety hazards

the above-mentioned person in charge of Fengcheng town told us that although the rectification action cleared 2/3 of more than 3000 illegal environmental protection projects, the phenomenon of "resurgence" was serious afterwards. The reason was that "the main means of punishment is fines, and the effect is limited"

according to the investigation, during the first centralized renovation, the main policy impetus came from the implementation of the new environmental protection law and the large-scale renovation of "five violations and four necessities" carried out in Shanghai. It is obvious that the remediation method based on punishment has not fundamentally eliminated the soil breeding in small furniture workshops

in December, 2016, the second environmental protection supervision group of the Central Committee found that 976 illegal wood processing projects in Fengcheng town were not included in the list of clean-up and remediation

this became the driving force for the local government to launch the second large-scale remediation action. As of September 1, 2017, Shanghai Fengxian District Environmental Protection Bureau disclosed that 976 wood processing projects with environmental violations found by the second environmental protection supervision team of the Central Committee in Touqiao district had been fully rectified

the person in charge of the local furniture enterprise was very impressed by the rectification. They told him that the houses originally used for processing and production had been basically demolished, that rows of unlicensed processing workshops on the Xinfeng Road opposite his shop door had also been demolished, and that the government had raised the standard for the qualification of furniture production and painting

this directly eliminated a large number of small furniture workshop enterprises in Touqiao

at the end of July 2018, when I visited Touqiao area again, I saw that many sites previously used for processing and production had been leveled and waiting for evaluation

however, a new round of "ebb tide" phenomenon began to appear. During the visit, we saw that some undocumented small workshops involving furniture soft decoration and plywood began to appear in Touqiao area

however, this round of "resurgence" is doomed to be unsustainable

in the middle of July, Shanghai released the clean air action plan (), which proposed to carry out special law enforcement against industrial waste gas generated by painting and printing in the suburbs according to regional industries

now these furniture enterprises are quite calm. Many people in charge said that the most important houses have been demolished, and the most needed places for furniture workshop production have disappeared. Therefore, at present, there is no "return to the tide"

it is revealed that a large number of small workshops in Touqiao area have been relocated to Qidong City, Jiangsu Province, and the remaining production enterprises are all large local manufacturers

many people expressed the hope that the furniture industry would win the future after undergoing painful upgrading

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI